2 edition of Fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region West Pakistan found in the catalog.
Fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region West Pakistan
Wolfgang V. Swarzenski
|Statement||by Wolfgang V. Swarzenski.|
|Series||U.S. Geological Survey water-supply paper -- 1608-I, Contributions to the hydrology of Asia and Oceania|
|Contributions||Geological Survey (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 14 p. :|
|Number of Pages||14|
According to the U.N. FAO, % or about 1,, ha of Pakistan is forested, according to FAO. Pakistan had , ha of planted forest. Change in Forest Cover: Between and , Pakistan lost an average of 42, ha or % per year. In total, between and , Pakistan lost % of its forest cover, or around , ha. _ Source. Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani Province of Punjab (Figure ) and the second largest metropolitan city in its proximity to the Kasur district in the south and Sheikhupura to the northwest, the area measures km 2 and its urban area largely comprises converted agricultural land. Lahore has expanded to almost double its area in the last 12–15 by: 1.
ground water movement is slow. Both the rivers i.e. Ravi and Beas are effluent in nature. Ground water, in general, follows the surface topography and is flowing towards west and south-west towards the Ravi that forms the border with Pakistan. The major withdrawal of ground water in this area is through the phreatic aquifer that is being recharged. of the Hab Dam in the north-west of Karachi in the year WATER-SUPPLY SCENARIO FOR COASTAL BELT OF KARACHI arachi has a complex water-supply system, which developed over a period of more than years. The shallow groundwater near the coastal belt is moderately saline. Today, the drinking-water supply to most of the population in Karachi isFile Size: KB.
It is one of the largest projects WWF-Pakistan has been involved in, with private sector partnership. The Ayubia National Park (ANP) is spread over 3, hectares and is part of the Western Himalayan Eco-region. The catchment area of this region provides the . Groundwater and the water from dams (made on rivers/streams), lakes and river themselves are the major freshwater resources in Pakistan. Due to the specific geological setting(Sedimentary) Pakistan has plenty of groundwater resources but they a.
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An extensive program of test drilling and water sampling, undertaken by the Water and Soils Investigation Division (WASID) of the West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) to evaluate hydrologic problems related to waterlogging and soil salinity, has furnished data for the delineation of fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region of West Pakistan.
delineation of fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region of West Pakistan. Fresh ground water containing generally less than ppm (parts per million) of total dissolved solids is found in wide belts paralleling the major rivers and in other areas of ground-water recharge. The fresh ground-Cited by: 4.
Fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region, West Pakistan Unknown Binding – January 1, See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions click to open popoverManufacturer: United States Geological Survey.
OCLC Number: Notes: "Delineation of fresh and saline ground-water zones from data collected during a program of test drilling and water sampling in the Punjab region of West Pakistan.".
Get this from a library. Fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region, West Pakistan. [W V Swarzenski; Geological Survey (U.S.),; West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority.; United States.
Agency for International Development.]. Kideok D. Kwon () Groundwater status in Pakistan: A review of contamination, health risks, and potential needs, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, DOI. In the other one-third of the Punjab, total dissolved solids range from 1, to ab ppm.
In about one-half of this area (one-sixth of the area of the Punjab) some ground water can be utilized by diluting with surface water from canals. The ground-water reservoir underlying the Punjab is an unexploited resource of enormous economic value. Groundwater is the major source of drinking water in Southwestern semi-arid region of Punjab, India which is now facing severe salinity and fluoride (F-) problems.A study was carried out in the Bathinda district of southwest semi-arid region of Punjab to assess the salinity and F-concentrations.
Groundwater samples from 21 locations were analyzed, and 59% were found to exceed the permissible Cited by: 4. The main purpose of this investigation was to delineate the fresh/saline aquifer zones for exploitation and management of fresh water resources in the Upper Bari Doab, northeast Punjab, Pakistan.
Swarzenski, W. Fresh and saline ground-water zones in the Punjab region, West Pakistan. United States Geological Survey,U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Supply Paper, WI. Softbound, xlib, minor signs of use, text in very good condition.
$ ANALYSIS OF AQUIFER TESTS IN THE PUNJAB REGION OF WEST PAKISTAN By GORDON D. BENNETT, ATA-UR-REHMAN, IJAZ AHMED SHEIKH, and SABIR ALT ABSTRACT The results of pumping tests in the Punjab Plain of West Pakistan arc reported. Methods of test analysis are described in detail, and an outline ofCited by: Western zone with 34 percent.
These water zones of Punjab have been facing water problems of different types. Shiwalik zone is prone to soil erosion, flash floods, deep water table etc. Central zone is facing a serious ground water depletion and pollution and South-Western zone is facing a poor quality of ground water due to salinity andAuthor: Inderjeet Singh, Kesar Singh Bhangoo.
Swarzenski WV () Fresh and saline groundwater zones in the Punjab Region West Pakistan: contributions to the hydrology of Asia and Oceania. Geological Survey-Water Supply Paper I.
United States Government Printing Office, Washington Google ScholarAuthor: Hanif Ur Rehman, Zulfiqar Ahmad, Arshad Ashraf, Syed Saad Ali. The last assessment of ground water was carried out as on According to this assessment, net ground water resources of Punjab State are BCM, whereas net draft was BCM, leading to ground water deficit of BCM.
The stage of ground water development for the State was % andFile Size: KB. New Titles List. LAM Mehta, Jal. Allure of order: high hopes, dashed expectations, and the troubled quest to remake American schooling. MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES, RIVER DEVELOPMENT AND GANGA REJUVINATION GOVERNMENT OF INDIA GROUND WATER YEAR BOOK OF PUNJAB AND CHANDIGARH (UT) Principal Contributors GROUND WATER DYNAMICS: M.
Angurala, Scientist- ‘D’ GROUND WATER QUALITY: Balinder. Singh, Scientist- ‘D’ North Western Region Chandigarh September File Size: 4MB. GROUND-WATER HYDROLOGY OF THE PUNJAB, WEST PAKISTAN, WITH EMPHASIS ON PROBLEMS CAUSED BY CANAL IRRIGATION [D.W.
et al. WSP - H -- Greenman] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. West Pakistan - Khairpur Ground Water and Salinity Control Project (English) Abstract. South-western Punjab is mainly dominated by calcareous soil which includes desert soil and sierozem soil.
The pH value in this zone ranges from to and also have grey and red desert soil. Depleting groundwater level deepens water crisis in Punjab The state is facing acute water shortage as the groundwater is depleting at a higher rate than its : Mohit Singla.
in the surrounding tube wells of Hafizabad district, Punjab, Pakistan. The availability of groundwater, namely fresh water, with the passage of time is becoming too less.
This alarming situation provokes the scientific community for further investigations and research in the field of.Ground Water Quality in Punjab has huge variation in different zones of the state, The quality of ground water changes from good to poor from North to South/South West.
The ground water in South Western district of Punjab namely, Mansa, Bathinda, Muktsar, Ferozepur and Faridkot contain varying concentrations of soluble salts and their use for.The ground water aquifer underlying the plains throughout the irrigated Fig.
1Irrigation in West Pakistan: surface water development area varies in salinity and physical properties, with usable ground water underlying 19 million acres or two-thirds of the CCA, the remainder being saline.